[recommended screen size: 800x600 pixels]





Castle Garden
Prior to Ellis Island

Donate your Ship Info and Search,
courtesy of the Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild:
See the Incredible Compass at ISTG!

Ships Passenger Lists Online I:

Ships Passenger Lists Online II:  

Researcher Contributed Ship Lists   

International & Ships Passenger Records  

Pilgrim Ships:  

How to do Ships Passenger Research by Arnie Lang:  
Passenger Arrival Lists - What to look for:  


Early SPLs with place of origin:  
SPLs on the internet:  
Finding SPLs after 1819  

Palatine (Pfalz) Ships and Passengers  

Research Center for German Emigrants in the USA  

The Ships List  

Steve Morse Website  

Photos and Maps, Details about Emigration  
(See Tables)

Immigration & Passenger List Research USA

 Naturalization & Citizenship USA

Atlantic Bridge to Germany, Germans to America, They Came In Ships, 
much more (books) 

Banat Germans Immigration

Emigration after WW-II to Australia  

Germans to America Passenger Lists
GtA 1850-1893
(Please note that some G to A SPLs are not obvious. Look around!)

Germans to America  

German Ships

Note: Passenger and Immigration Lists Index by Filby and Meyer
lists immigrants from 1600s to 1900s in alphabetical order.
See it or inter-library it at any public library.

Germans to America at  

Ships from the Port of Hull, 1814-1914  

Passenger Lists  

Brooklyn Eagle Newspaper Passenger Lists  

Passenger Ship Arrivals   

List of Ship Passengers  

The Ship Menu:

Olive Tree:

Olive Tree Germans to USA

Olive Tree Ships:

Olive Tree Unindexed SPLS 1847-1896

Searchable Databases:

Search for Ships: 

Search for Ancestor Ships:

Records of the U.S. Customs Service:

Port at Le Harve, France

Ship Photographs/Drawings Online:

Ship Photos Online:  

From Oberzell to Milltown

Ships Passenger Lists & Immigration:  
Prepare yourself for a long visit to the this site! More coffee!!!!

Subscribe to SPLs at Rootsweb  

Emigration / Baden-Württemberg  
Port Arrivals and Immigrants to the City of Boston  

The Netherlands & Belgium

State Archives in Australia, NSW
Be sure to include all available info about the ship
and passengers

Canadian Passenger Lists, 1865-1922  

Mennonite SPLS  

Immigrant Passenger Ships, by Louis Alfano:   
Subscribe to Ship's Passenger Lists Digest:  

Hornbeck Immigration Web Site

Canadian SPLs
(The Canadian POE at Halifax, Nova Scotia, was the equivalent of the U.S. Ellis Island)

Pier 21

Lists of Passengers Arriving at US Ports

Hamburg Passenger Lists

Hamburg Emigration
Emigration from Port Hamburg
Link to Your Hamburg Roots
15-Year Index

Die Auswanderer (Hamburg Emigrants 1836- )

Hamburg Emigrants

Historic Emigration Office (HEO)
Steinstrasse 7
20095 Hamburg

Tel: 011 49 40 3605 1282
Fax: 011 49 40 3005 1220

(They use Hamburg Emigration and Germans to America for look-ups, which are available in the USA through Family History Centers, Historical Societies, etc.)

Hamburg State Archives
Online research
Click on the language option and then on "link to your roots".  It is not free.

Hamburg Police Department Passport Applications
Known as the "Reisepass Protokolle (1851-1929)", the application contains the name, birth date and place. They are indexed by year. There are 323 reels of FHL microfilm available. Find this in the FHL Catalog under Hamburg, Hamburg, Emigration (Topic #12) Record #2.


The City of Hamburg has ships lists for emigrants 1850-1934. The hometown of each emigrant is noted. A target date for completion of the lists is 2003. It includes over one million Jewish refugees from Eastern Europe.

The mailing address is:

Staatsarchiv Hamburg
Kattunbleiche 19
22041 Hamburg
FAX 011 49 40 42831 3201

PIE Emigration  

German Immigrants, Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to NY
1855-1862, 1863-1867, 1868-1871. For a Look-Up contact:
Tom Schmidt at

German Emigrants from the Port of Bremen
The MAUS Society for Family Research Bremen
has transcribed these lists and offers them at

CD #354 has the  Passenger & Immigrant Lists Index, 1538-1940.
Use the free CD Lookup Service in the Link Tables,  Table #2.

CD Purchases

Bremen SPLs (FEEFHS)  

The Historical Museum, Bremerhaven has a database of German emigration, 1820-1939.  Ten million names are in the online database.

The FHC at LDS has passengers sailing from Bremen to New York and on to known cities for the years 1847-1871. These lists represent only 20% of those sailing: Only those who were going to a specific city in the USA. Check at your FHC at LDS.

before 1847

In profound awe, search the Ellis Island Wall:

Please note that Ellis Island received immigrants between 1892 and 1954. Before that they entered at Castle Garden, at the tip of Manhattan, and before that at Port Richmond, Staten Island. The Staten Island Historical Society has genealogical resources.

You can find Castle Garden information at...
(above link is to mailing list)

Castle Garden Search Engine
(easier to use)

The lists for the passengers that entered through Castle Garden were Customs Passenger Lists, Port of New York. They have been microfilmed and are available at the National Archives, the LDS Family History Centers, and may be available through your library. Unfortunately, the records for these years are not indexed for the port of New York. The research guide on my web site (see below) provides details on using these records. Castle Garden was the immigration center for the port of New York from 1855 to 1890. Most of the Customs passenger lists for ships arriving at New York during this period do exist. Those records have been microfilmed by the National Archives and are available at the National Archives, at the LDS and by inter-library loan (via AGLL). The Administrative records for Castle Garden, as well as the Immigration passenger lists for the Barge Office and Ellis Island were destroyed in a fire on June 13, 1897 when the original wooden structures on Ellis Island burned to the ground. Fortunately, copies of the Customs passenger lists were held by the Customs collector and abstracts were held in Washington D.C. These lists are those that have been microfilmed. Ellis Island was the immigration center from 1892 (Castle Garden from 1855 to 1890, and the Barge Office from 1890 to 1892.) Unfortunately, the New York passenger lists from 1847 to 1897 were never indexed, which presents problems in finding passengers in that period. (The National Archives cannot search the lists for those dates). There are other procedures to find your immigrant ancestor's passenger list for those dates. For German immigrants, the most useful is the book (and now CD) index "Germans to America" which covers 1850 to 1891. Arnie Lang is an outstanding researcher, but the link I had for him is broken. Go to LinkTables, Table #2, for free lookups. If you are searching in 1895, there is no direct way to look for a passenger. The LDS, in conjunction with the establishment of a family history center situated on Ellis Island, have been digitizing the New York records from 1892 to 1924.  

Germans to America only include the years 1850 to 1891. To find ancestors arriving after circa 1896, you can search the passenger list records which have been indexed. After finding your ancestor's listing in the index, you can then find his name in the actual passenger list. These records are available at the National Archives, the LDS Family History Centers, and by interlibrary loan through AGLL.

With regard to the naturalization process, an individual could file his papers at any common law court of record.  These courts could be at the local, state or federal level and were originally kept at the court which issued those records. You may find the records that were filed in any of the state or local courts in the County Clerk's office close to the immigrant's place of residence. However, these records may now be located at the county or state archives. Naturalization records that were filed in United States District or Circuit Courts are in the custody of the Courts or the National Archives, and are stored at one of the Regional Archives or Federal Records Centers. You may have to look at all of these court records to find the papers. Many of these records have been indexed by the WPA. An immigrant did not have to file naturalization papers. You only had to file if you wanted to own land, vote or hold an office. See Section 8.0 of my Research Guide.

The LDS Family History Library has microfilms of many naturalization records (and indexes) and, unless you are near the court where therecords may be stored, it may be the best place to start your research. To locate these records in the LDS catalog, search the individual city or county under "Naturalization and Citizenship." See Section 8.0.

Arnold Lang

The names that are inscribed on The American Immigrant Wall of Honor at Ellis Island were registered by the descendants or friends of the immigrants, along with a donation of $100 for each name registered to help fund the restoration and continued development of Ellis Island and the creation of The American Family Immigration History Center. The Wall is not just for Ellis Island Immigrants, but rather pays tribute to all of America's immigrants regardless of when they immigrated or through which port they entered. For privacy reasons full information is not available, only the donor name, city, and state. The Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation does not currently maintain genealogical records. If a person immigrated through New York Harbor between 1892-1924, those records should be accessible in the first phase of The American Family Immigration History Center toward the end of the year 2000. Future plans include expanding the database to include additional years and ports of entry, available via the internet.



Do not overlook the story of immigration and Ship's Passenger Lists on file in the Library of Congress.

Immigration & Naturalization Service Records 1891-1957

Archived SPLs in Germany & USA

Antwerp Departures
Insert precisely this: "antwerp departures" -flight

Other Departures / Arrivals at Google

Insert +ship +ship's name +year of interest

Insert +ship +ship's name +surname

Be sure to include the quotation marks and plus signs.

What SPL films and fiche are available from FHC/LDS?

Crew Members & Mariners, Subscribe to:

Mariners' Museum Library
Newport News VA

Mystic Seaport Museum
Mystic CT

Salem Direct ~ Peabody Museum

Deutsches Schiffahrtsmuseum

Address to write to about steam ships:

Steamship Historical Society Collection
University of Baltimore Library
1420 Maryland Avenue
Baltimore MD 21201

World's Foremost Authority on Ships, Michael Palmer!
Post your ship inquiry in Newsgroup soc.genealogy.german, at, or at, and chances are Michael will answer it.

Michael Palmer

I think it is important to point out to researchers *all* their options for accessing U.S. passenger arrival lists. The lists of passengers on vessels arriving at U.S. ports from 1820 onwards have been microfilmed by the U.S. National Archives. For a detailed listing of these records, see the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) website at

For a detailed description of these records and their indexes, see Michael Tepper,  "American Passenger Arrival Records; A Guide to the Records of Immigrants Arriving at American Ports by Sail and Steam" (updated and enlarged edition; Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co, 1993).

Researchers may access copies of these microfilm records in the following ways:

1. At the National Archives in Washington, DC, and through the regional branch archives (note that individual regional branch archives will have microfilmed passenger lists only for vessels arriving at ports within their region).

2. Copies of individual microfilm reels can be borrowed through AGLL   (American Genealogical Lending Library -

3. The Family History Library in Salt Lake City has a complete set of the National Archives microfilms of passenger arrival lists, and researchers can borrow copies of individual reels through any LDS (Mormon) Family History Center. For researchers living in Southern California, the LDS Family History Center in Los Angeles has copies of almost all the passenger lists for the 19th century.

4. Several public libraries in the United States, most notably the Allan County Public Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana, also have large collections of the National Archives microfilms of passenger arrival lists.

5. The Center for Research Libraries in Chicago has a large collection of the National Archives microfilms, and researchers with affiliations with institutions of higher learning can borrow these microfilms through Interlibrary Loan.

6. NAUSA--the institute for the study of emigration from Lower Saxony to the U.S. at the University of Oldenburg, of which Professor Holtmann is the director--also has copies of the National Archives microfilms of passenger arrival lists, and can search the microfilms for a fee.

Michael Palmer
Claremont, California

Michael Palmer also offers these helpful links:

If you post a message to soc.genealogy.german or GEN-DE-L giving the name of the vessel, the port of departure or arrival, and the date of the passenger manifest (or, if this is not known, the year of the voyage), I should be able to provide a history of the vessel; if the vessel dates from the 19th or 20th century I can often provide a picture of it as well. If you are interested in more than one vessel, please post a separate message for each one.

Michael Palmer


The series actually goes through May 1891. For the years 1850 through 1855, the selection criteria were limited to German passengers on ships that were at least 80% (not 60%) German. Then the editors changed the selection criteria, and from 1856 on any German on any ship arriving at the ports they transcribed was to be included. The editors did not require the passengers to be "from Germany," and included Germans from France, Switzerland, and Luxembourg, although not from Austria, Alsace-Lorraine, or Russia, which also had significant German populations.

The journal "The German Connection" is transcribing the "missing" Germans from that 1850-1855 period, and has gotten to July 1850 so far.

GERMANS TO AMERICA transcribes passenger lists only from the five major ports of U.S. immigration: New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Baltimore, and New Orleans. The minor ports are excluded, such as Galveston, Texas, which for a period in the 1850s had more German immigrants than some of the major ports.

A scholarly and comprehensive criticism of GERMANS TO AMERICA can be found at:

Note: Passenger and Immigration Lists Index by Filby and Meyer
lists immigrants from 1600s to 1900s in alphabetical order.
See it or inter-library it at any public library.

The German Sea Captain married my ancestors on the voyage over!!


Captains of German vessel sailing the North Atlantic passenger route were
not authorized to perform marriages: your ancestors were married either

before or after the voyage. If you have not already done so, check the
appropriate volumes of Ira A. Glazier and P. William Filby, ed., _Germans
to America; Lists of Passengers Arriving at U.S. Ports_(Wilmington,
Delaware: Scholarly Resources, 1988ff.), 60 volumes published to date,
covering January 1850-May 1891. For a list of libraries that hold this
publication, see

Michael Palmer

Ernest Thode, Washington County Public Library,
Marietta, OH 45750-1973

In 1867 133,426 emigrants from Germany arrived in U.S. ports out of 138,394 Germans who emigrated. 88,725 of these emigrated via Bremen and Hamburg.

73,971 persons (from all countries) emigrated via Bremen and 38,170 (or 38.214) emigrated directly via Hamburg, plus 4,675 indirect emigrations through Hamburg (mostly to Hull and then overland by rail to Liverpool).

56,178 persons emigrated from Prussia.

The easiest way to determine the name of the ship and the port of departure is to locate the arrival record, possibly by using the Germans to America series as an index to the actual passenger list microfilm. The G to A series covers the period 1850-1891. There are problems with these volumes, though. If you don't find your immigrant listed, then try the Hamburg emigration lists for 1867. They are available on microfilm through Family History Centers of the LDS Church. The Bremen lists for this era were systematically destroyed after 3 years, so that becomes a moot point.

If you don't find your ancestor in either of these ways, check ZIMMERMAN and WOLFERT's series on passenger arrivals from Bremen to New York and hope that yours was among the 21% of all arrivals from Bremen whose arrival was noted in these volumes because their place of origin was noted on a New York arrival list. Unfortunately there are no indexes for NY arrivals 1847-1896.

Passagierlisten in Deutschland

NAUSA in Oldenburg hat fast alle Listen von Niedersachsen aus den
National Archives USA kopiert.  Die Telefon Nummer: 0441 798 2614
in Deutschland.

The Free Library of Philadelphia

Genealogy Pathfinder - Passenger Lists, Immigration, Emigration, Naturalizations, Oaths of Allegiance and Passports


Official records of ships' passengers did not start until 1820, so you will not find records in the National Archives for the Colonial Period. Most of the records are from 1820 to 1945. These records include: customs passenger lists, immigration passenger lists, ships' captains lists. Most of them are indexed. In order to use these records, you first have to know the port of entry and the approximate date of arrival. Once you have this information, you may be able to find your ancestor of a ships' passenger list and, thereby, determine his exact date of arrival in the United States. For the colonial period, there are reconstructed lists of passengers available in various places, but not many of these would be found in the National Archives. If you don't know the port of entry and the approximate date of arrival, you may be able to find this information in the Naturalization records, if your ancestor applied for citizenship in the United States.


There are several different types of records: Declarations of Intention, Naturalization Petitions, Naturalization Depositions, Records of Naturalization, and Oaths of Allegiance. Not all of these records are in the National Archives. Many are in the court records of the various states. To make use of these records, you will have to do a little research to see where the records for your particular time and place are held. Between 1777 and 1790, each state handled its own Naturalization laws. In 1790, the United States passed its first Naturalization law. It concerned only white people who could become citizens after two years of residence. In 1798, the time was raised to 14 years, but it was lowered again in 1902 to five years (which is still valid). After 1802, several other requirements were added (such as proof that the person was in the country legally). In 1906, a stricter law was added. An immigrant had to first declare his intention to become a citizen and then, after an interval, he filled out an application. These applications contain a goldmine of genealogical information. The applications were checked by the nearest Federal Court, the applicant was examined before a judge, and then invited to give an Oath of Allegiance. After this, a Certificate of Citizenship was granted. The procedure is similar to this day. After 1930, the records will often includea photograph of the applicant. The National Archives has all of the records after 1906, and some of the records prior to that. A good resource for locating these records is A Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives, published by the National Archives Trust Fund Board. It is available in most libraries that have a genealogy collection or it can be purchased from the National Archives.

To order copies of Ships' Passenger Lists or Naturalization Records from the National Archives, you must use special forms. Write first and ask for the appropriate form.


General Reference Branch (NNRG)
National Archives and Records Administration
7th and Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington DC 20408

You can write to this same address to request a free packet of information on the records and forms available from the National Archives. I would recommend that you do this first.


Sue Roe (


Ship "Gutenberg", from Bremen to Baltimore, arrived 19 Jun 1866

This ship had 337 passengers on board, 335 Germans. On the original passenger  list (National Archives M 255, Roll 14) they all have the German states and  the villages that they came from. However, "Germans to America" has only the villages of 111 passengers. Two thirds  "lost" their villages. This vessel left Bremerhaven. For many descendants this passenger list is the only source to find the villages where their ancestors were born. In this case "Prussia" means for example "Burgsteinfurt" (Bernh. Breulmann) in the "Muensterland" and "Berleburg" (Karl Sauer) in the "Wittgensteiner Land". But "Germans to America" knows only "Prussia"; "Prussia" could be a village in East-Prussia near Russia or in the Rhineland near Belgium.

Antonius Holtmann

During the English colonial period, the port and the colony to which the immigrant came had supervision over the immigrant. The ship captain was required to keep a record of his passengers and hand over a copy of this document to port authorities. All foreign passengers were required to take an oath in writing, and an oral one, swearing allegiance to the English monarch. Those immigrants who could not write their names had the ship captain or a port official or some other literate person write for them. Indentured passengers who had indebted themselves were required to fulfill their financial obligations. Unencumbered passengers were free to go. After the American Revolution, immigration was the responsibility of the port and the state into which emigrating passengers came. When ports became overwhelmed by immigrants, the states asked Congress for help. The Castle Garden immigration station at the southern tip of Mahattan was set up in 1855 and all immigration became the responsibility of the Federal government. Later Ellis Island was developed near Manhattan Island, because Castle Garen was not large enough to handle the influx of people. Those arriving at other ports were also under Federal jurisdiction. In addition to ports along the eastern seaboard, New Orleans and San Francisco were important points of entry.

When Ellis Island ceased operation (1943) an immigrant to the U. S. was required to get his permit (visa) from the U. S. Embassy or from a U. S. official at the point of origin. Health exam papers and other required documents were processed in the country of origin. Temporary work and other visitor permits were also issued there. For one example of emigrant ship travel, see the website by Roy Johnson, at

How to use the Family History Library in your Ship's Passenger searches

Malinda Thiessen Jones

Go to:
Select "Custom Search" tab
Select "Family History Library Catalog"
Select "All Searches"
Select "Film/Fiche Search"

Type in the film number "listed" from the list of the Ports shown below.

Select "SEARCH"

Select the BLUE text: (Click on the BLUE TEXT)


Index to passenger lists of vessels arriving at miscellaneous ports in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina, 1890-1924.( T517) Film # 1324938

A supplemental index to passenger lists of vessels arriving at Atlantic & Gulf Coast ports (excluding New York) 1820-1874.(M334) Film # 0418161

Copies of lists of passengers arriving at miscellaneous ports on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts and at ports on the Great Lakes, 1820-1873.(Microcopy 575) Film # 0830231

Index (Soundex) to passenger lists of vessels arriving at Baltimore, 1897-1952.(T520) Film # 1373824

Passenger lists of vessels arriving at Baltimore, 1820-1921 ; Quarterly abstracts of passenger lists of vessels arriving at Baltimore, 1820-1869. Film # 0417383 (Microcopy 255) ( Microcopy 596) ( T844)

Index to passenger lists of vessels arriving at Baltimore, 1833-1866 (city passenger lists). Film # 0821565

Index to passenger lists of vessels arriving at Baltimore, 1820-1897 (Federal passengers lists). (Microcopy 327) Film # 0417212

Passenger lists of vessels arriving at Boston, 1820-1891 : with index 1848-1891. (M265) ( M277) Film # 0205656

Index to passenger lists of vessels arriving at Boston, Jan. 1, 1902-Dec.31, 1920; passenger lists of vessels arriving at Boston, Aug. 1, 1891-1935 ; book indexes to Boston passenger lists, 1899-1940.(T0521) (T843,T617,T790) Film # 1724620

Detroit District manifest records of aliens arriving from foreign contiguous territory : arrivals at Detroit, Michigan, 1906-1954.( M1478) Film # 1490449

Passenger and crew lists of vessels arriving at Galveston, Texas, 1896-1921; index, 1896-1951.( M1357 M1358 M1359 ) Includes indexes. Film # 1402451

Hamburg Passenger List, 1850-1934 Film # 0884668

Crew lists of vessels arriving in New Bedford, Massachusetts, 1917-1932. Film # 1578398

Index to passengers arriving at New Bedford, 1902-1954; Passenger lists of vessels arriving at New Bedford, 1902-1942. ( T944, T522) Film # 1412572

Index to passenger lists of vessels arriving at New York, June 16, 1897-June 30, 1902 ; Index (soundex) to passenger lists of vessels arriving at New York, July 1,1902 -December 31, 1943 ; Passenger and crew lists of vessels arriving at New York, 1897-1924.( T0621) (T0715) (T0519) Film # 0543449

Index (soundex) to passenger lists of vessels arriving at New York, July 1, 1902-December 31, 1943 (T0621) Film # 1379501

Passenger and crew lists of vessels arriving at New York, 1897-1924. (T0715) Film # 1403751

Register of vessels arriving at the Port of New York from foreign ports,1789-1919. (M1066) Film # 1415143

Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, NY, 1820--1897. (M237) Film # 0002246

Passenger and crew lists of vessels arriving at New York, 1897-1924.(T715) Film # 1403751

Passenger lists of vessels arriving at New York, 1820-1897 ; index to passenger lists of vessels arriving in New York, 1820-1846.(Microcopy 237) ( Microcopy 261) Film # 0350204

Book indexes to New York City passenger lists, April 1906-September 1920.(T612) Film # 1463601

Passenger lists of vessels arriving at New Orleans, 1820-1921 ;Index to passenger lists of vessels arriving in New Orleans, 1853 -1952. Microcopy T527, T618, M259, and T905. Film # 0543403. See also:  

Quarterly abstracts of passenger lists of vessels arriving at New Orleans, 1820-1875. (Microcopy 272) Film # 0200235

Index to lists of passengers arriving at Philadelphia, 1883-1948; book indexes, 1906-1926; passenger lists, 1883-1921. (T526, T791, 840) Film # 1380256

Passenger lists of vessels arriving at Philadelphia, 1800-1882 with index 1800-1906. (Microcopy 360) Film # 0419424

Passenger lists of vessels arriving at Portland, Maine, 1893-1943 ; Index,1893-1954. (T524) Film # 1412619

Book indexes, Portland, Maine, passenger lists, 1907-1930. (T793) Film # 1375989

Passenger lists, Providence, Rhode Island, 1911-1916 ; Book indexes, 1911-1934 ; Card indexes, 1911-1954. (T0518) (T0792) Film # 1412620

Index to passenger lists of vessels arriving at San Francisco, California,1893-1934. ( M1389) Film # 1430959

Passenger lists of vessels arriving in San Francisco from Honolulu, 1902-1907.(M1440) Film # 1454998

Customs passenger lists of vessels arriving at San Francisco, California,1903-1918. ( M1412) Film # 1463582

San Francisco, California, alien manifests : passenger lists of vessels arriving at San Francisco, California, 1893-1920.( M1410) Film # 1465571

Registers of Chinese laborers arriving at San Francisco, 1882-1888. ( M1413) Film # 1549566

Savannah passenger lists. (T943) Film # 1375955

Passenger and crew lists of vessels arriving at Seattle, Washington, 1890-1921. (M1383) Film #1454937

Customs records of passenger manifests inbound, 1894-1909 : Port Townsend, Tacoma, and Seattle.( M1484) Film # 1445995

Passenger lists of vessels arriving at Seattle from U. S. insular possessions, 1908-1917 Port Townsend, Seattle, and Tacoma.( M1485) Film # 1445996

St. Albans District manifest records of aliens arriving from foreign contiguous territory : arrivals at Canadian border ports from January 1895 to June 30, 1954 : Indexes (Soundex), 1895-1924. ( M1461) ( M1463) (M1464) ( M1465) Film # 1472801  See also  Canada's Pier 21

St. Albans District manifest records of aliens arriving from foreign contiguous territory : records of arrivals through small ports in Vermont, 1895-1924. ( M1462) Film # 1430987

Shipping Contract of 1753, Courtesy Sharon Cook Briggs

The following is Brigitte Burkett's translation in "Emigrants from Baden and Wurttemburg in the 18th Century" of a shipping contract made 23 March 1753 between Daniel Havart of Rotterdam and 44 [sic] Germans who with their families were emigrating to Pennsylvania. Perhaps 60% of these families came on the "Rowand," but some came on other 1753 ships and some not until years later:

"We, the undersigned, acknowledge to have agreed and contracted, according to the terms and conditions herein set forth, with Daniel Havart of Rotterdam, in the following manner. First, The above named Daniel Havart shall provide and hold ready, a good, comfortable and well appointed ship, to take us, the undersigned, across the sea from Rotterdam to Philadelphia. To this end, the ship will be provided with permanent sleeping places between decks for each & every full grown person, that is to say, a so-called full freight, six feet long and one and one half feet wide, on both sides of the ship, made private & comfortable. Second, The ship shall be provided with good provisions, that is, good bread, meal, meat with peas, rice, groats, peas, butter, cheese and everything else of such things, and they shall be provided to the undersigned from the day that we board the ship in Rotterdam until we arrive in Philadelphia, in the following manner, that is:

Sundays, a pound of meat with peas, rice or beans.
Mondays a pound of meal.
Tuesdays a half pound of bacon with peas, rice or beans.
Wednesdays a pound of meal.
Thursdays a pound of meat with peas, rice or beans.
Fridays a pound of butter, and a half pound salt cod with peas, rice or beans.
Saturdays six pounds of bread, a pound of cheese and a pea soup.

Further, a measure of beer per day, so long as it remains good, and also a measure of water, but after [the beer goes bad] two measures of water per day.  Also in the mornings at [6 bells?], a fire shall be provided until evenings at six o'clock, for cooking, and to warm the sick and the small children, insofar as wind and weather will allow.

Also, for the care of the thirsty sick, two vats of vinegar & one vat of brandy will be included, as also spices, so that they will not be robbed of their health or their lives because of the lack of these things, as also the necessary [medicines?]  The persons shall be charged according to their age; small children under the age of four are free; from four to fourteen years of age, they must pay half fare, and all those who have reached an age over fourteen years must pay the full fare in the following manner:  All those who pay their entire, or at least half their fare in Rotterdam, may pay 7 1/2 Pistole. Those, however, who can pay nothing, must pay a comparable fare of 8 Pistole for their care.  In order to deliver the passengers, with their baggage without further charges free to Philadelphia. [The balance of the contract has not been translated. The list of names appended to the contract follows. The number following each name indicates the number of "freights" for which the head of family is being charged. The names marked with an * came on the Rowand, Arthur Tran, Master, which qualified 29 Sept 1753.]

23 March 1753

1* Johann Martin Buchner 5 freights

2 Johann Christ. Schmitt

3* Johann Henrich Kühnem 2 1/2

4* Johannes Schäfer 2

5* Johann Peter Meyer 2

6* Johann Philippus Steinebach 1

7 Johann [Primes?] Schmitt 1

8 Maria Elisabetha Gläsnerin 1

9 Anna Catherina Gläsnerin 1

10* Johannes Sehlbach 2 1/2

11 Johan Peter Humerich 1

12* Johann Henrich Böhmer 2

13* Johannes Wilhelm Jung 2

14* Johannes Stefan Klöckner 1

15* Johann Martin Diehl 2

16 Johann Andönges [?} Klockner 2 1/2

17* Johann Peter Braun 1

18* Philippus Schumann 3 1/2

19 Johannes Weytmann 1

20 Johann William Schoester 1

21* Sophia Christina Wisthövörin 1

22 Peter Stahl 1

23 Johann Jost Ludwig 4 1/2

24 Johann Jacob Klein 2

25 Johannes Betz 1

26* Johann Wilhelm Becker 2 1/2

27* Johann Christ Stahl 2 1/2

28 Görg Gotthardt 1

29 Johann Christoffel 1

30 Johann Jacob Gotthardt 1

31* Johann Best Heun 1

32 Anna Catrina Gendermannin 1

33* widow of Hennrich Weinbrenner 3

34* Johann Best Schneider 2 1/2

35 Marialies Schneiderin 1

36 Anna Catharina Schneiderin 1

37* Johannes Christianus Bentz 6

38 Johann Gerlachmeier 2

39 Johann Michael Sauer 1

40 Johannes Streng 1

41 Johann Peter Klöckner 2

42 Johann Michel Andres 1

An advertisement by an "Agent" hired by the steam ship line "Norddeutschen Lloyd," to work in the regions of Hessen-Nassau, Waldeck und Pyrmont. An Agent rounded up persons who would report to his address and from there they would be escorted to the Port of Debarcation.

finden bei dem Unterzeichneten am 1sten und 15ten jeden Monats reelle, prompte und billige Beförderung nach New-York, Baltimore und Philadelphia, sowie im Frühjahr und Herbst nach New-Orleans und Galveston, sowohl mit vorzüglichen dreimastigen Segelschiffen, als auch mit den von Bremen nach New-York abgehenden Post-Dampfschiffen des "Norddeutschen Lloyd". Friedrich Rathmann in Cassel, General-Agent für die Provinz Hessen-Nassau, Waldeck und Pyrmont, am Wall Nr. 31.


You will find through the undersigned, on the 1st and 15th of every month, prompt and inexpensive accomodations to New York, Baltimore, and Philadelphia, and in the springtime and autumn, to New Orleasns and Galveston. We utilize comfortable three-masted sailing ships and from Bremen to New York, the steamship "Nordeutschen Lloyd." Contact: Friedrich Rathmann in Kassel at street address am Wall Nr. 31,  General Agent for the provinces of Hessen-Nassau, Waldeck und Pyrmont.

Example of instructions given to an emigrant when an agent arranged the travel:

Upon your arrival at the port in Hamburg present your passage certificate. On board, pack all of your things so that those that you need while underway are readily available, and those that you do not need, put under your bed. They will be the things you do not need to see again until you arrive in America. Boxes and luggage will be placed under the deck. You are permitted 100 pounds of these items per adult, for free. Beyond that, you will have to pay a fee. Be sure to mark your boxes and luggage very clearly in a bold color, right on the item: Your name, your address in America. Cards and notes stuck to these items will fall off, and you will lose everything. Once in New York, present the letter that I have prepared for you. There will be someone there to take you directly to the train station. While underway, especially in the coastal areas, do not discuss your affairs with anyone other than the officials. There are thieves everywhere - they will steal your money and belongings at every opportunity. Please, do not trust anyone other than the officials! That way, your journey will be comfortable and without incident. Do not eat a lot aboard ship. You will feel much better on the long journey over water. Upon arrival in New York you will have a fierce hunger, but beware! Many have gorged themselves with food upon arrival, and suffer life-long stomach maladies as a result.

Once more, may your journey be comfortable and without incident! Happy Journey!

Signed: __________, Agent

Ships to Pennsylvania and Oaths of Allegiance

SHIPS AT SEA DEATHS, Hamburg-Amerika Line

You must state the name of the individual who died on board. You must state whether the ship was outbound or inbound. You must state the name of the ship. You must state the dates of the voyage.

Sterberegister, Seemannsamt (Death Register, Seaman's Office)
Staatsarchiv der Freien und Hansesstadt Hamburg
ABC-Strasse 19A
20354 Hamburg

HAPAG-Lloyd, Archiv
Ballindamm 25
20095 Hamburg


Deutsches Schiffahrtsmuseum
Hans-Scharoun-Platz 1
27568 Bremerhaven

Travel by Ship (German Language)

Eine Schwäbin aus Herrenberg, die 1786 mit dem holländischen Schiff
"Herzog von Wirtemberg" zu ihrem schon vorher ausgewanderten Mann
nach Amerika fuhr, erzählt in einem Brief: "Es werden die Menschen wie
die Heringe zusammengeladen, weilen ein Schiff 400, 500, 600 Seelen führt,
ohne der unzählig vielen Gerätschaften, Kisten, Proviant, Wasser, Fässer
und dergleichen. Während der Seefahrt aber entsteht in denen Schiffen
jammervolles Elend, Gestank, Dampf, Grauen, Erbrechen und vielerlei
Krankheit, Fieber, Ruhr, Kopfweh, Geschwulsten, Scharbock, Mundfäule und
vielerlei anderes, welches alles von alten und scharf gesalzenen
Speisen, auch von dem sehr schlimmen Wasser herrührt. Dazu kommt viel
Hunger und Durst, Frost, Hitze, Nässe, Angst, Not, Anfechtungen und
Wehklagen, nebst anderem Ungemach, wie Läusen und solchem. Dieser
Jammer steiget aufs höchste, wenn man Tag und Nacht Sturm ausstehen muß
und glaubt, daß alles werde zugrunde gehen müssen. Wann dann die Schiffe
nach der langen Seefahrt bei Philadelphia gelandet sind, so wird niemand
herausgelassen, als wer die Seefracht bezahlt hat. Die anderen müssen
solange im Schiff liegen bleiben, bis sie gekauft und durch ihre Käufer
losgemacht sind. So geschah es, daß erwachsene Personen ganz nach
Beschaffenheit ihrer Stärke und Alters drei, vier, fünf, sechs Jahre zu
dienen sich schriftlich verpflichten mußten" (Schwarzwälder Hausschatz
1963, S. 159). Courtesy Dieter Joos.

Courtesy of  Alan Jones

If your ancestor arrived after 1819, he/she may be listed in one or more of the following. These lists are in chronological order by the date of arrival, and the lists for one year may be on as many as twenty microfilms. Some of the lists are indexed.

New York City (23,960,000)


1820-1846 FHL computer number 15681
1897-1902 FHL computer number 92040
1902-1943 FHL computer number 92040


1820-1897 FHL computer number 15681
1897-1942 FHL computer number 92040

Boston (2,050,000)


1848-1891 FHL computer number 217426
1899-1940 FHL computer number 92077


1820-1873, 1884-1891 FHL computer number 217426
1891-1943 FHL computer number 92077

. Baltimore (1,460,000)


1820-1897 FHL computer number 218234
1897-1952 FHL computer number 175219
1833-1866 FHL computer number 175226


1820-1921 FHL computer number 216036

Philadelphia (1,240,000)


1800-1906 FHL computer number 216604
1883-1948 FHL computer number 175209


1800-1882 FHL computer number 216604
1883-1921 FHL computer number 175209

New Orleans (710,000)


1853-1952 FHL computer number 216594


1820-1921 FHL computer number 216594

*Also see the Supplemental Index described below.

Other Ports (4,000,000). Lists and indexes for Charleston, Galveston, Key West, New Bedford, Passamaquoddy, Portland (Maine), Providence, San Francisco, Seattle, and other ports are also at the Family History Library and the National Archives.

A collection of the lists of over 60 smaller ports is found in: United States. Bureau of Customs. Copies of Lists of Passengers Arriving at Miscellaneous Ports on the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts. . . . Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1964. (FHL films 830231-46; computer number 216254.) These lists range from 1820 to 1874, but most years are missing.

An index to the above lists is:

United States. Bureau of Customs. Supplemental Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Atlantic and Gulf Coast Ports . . . Washington, D.C.:

National Archives Record Services, 1960. (FHL films 418161-348; computer number 216582.) This also indexes lists for Baltimore (1820-1869), Boston (1820-1874), New Orleans (1820-1850), and Philadelphia (1820-1874). See also

Return to Top of this Page

Exhausted? But You've Just Begun!

Return to   Hessen Page